Do Diabetes and Hypertension affect the kidneys?

Kidney Health

Yes, both high blood pressure (hypertension) and diabetes can significantly impact the health of your kidneys.
High Blood Pressure (Hypertension): Hypertension is a leading cause of kidney disease. When blood pressure is consistently high, it puts extra strain on the blood vessels in the kidneys, which can lead to damage over time. This damage can result in reduced kidney function or, in severe cases, kidney failure. Controlling blood pressure through lifestyle changes and medications is crucial in preventing kidney damage associated with hypertension.

Diabetes Another significant risk factor for kidney disease is diabetes, particularly Type 2 diabetes. The tiny blood veins in the kidneys can become damaged if blood sugar levels are continually high. This harm can eventually result in diabetic nephropathy, a disorder that inhibits kidney function. Reducing the risk of kidney issues requires proper management of diabetes through medication, nutrition, exercise, and blood sugar monitoring.

Both high blood pressure and diabetes can cause chronic kidney disease (CKD), a condition in which the kidneys gradually lose their ability to filter waste products from the blood. If left untreated or poorly managed, CKD can progress to end-stage renal disease (ESRD), where the kidneys can no longer function adequately, and patients may require dialysis or a kidney transplant to survive.

Regular check-ups and monitoring of kidney function tests are essential for early detection and early treatment to prevent any progression of kidney disease.