What is Gestational Diabetes? Risk factors for Gestational Diabetes?

Gestational Diabetes

One kind of diabetes that appears during pregnancy is called gestational diabetes. Some pregnant women experience this transient ailment, which usually manifests in the second or third trimester. Elevated blood sugar levels during pregnancy are the result of gestational diabetes, which is caused by the body’s inability to create enough insulin to fulfill increased needs.

Risk factors for gestational diabetes:

Family history: If you have a family history of diabetes, you may be at higher risk.
Obesity: Before pregnancy, being overweight or obese increases the risk.
Age: Women who are older than 25 are more at risk.
Previous gestational diabetes: If you had gestational diabetes during a previous pregnancy, you are more likely to develop it again.
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS): Women who suffer from polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) are more vulnerable.

Gestational diabetes can lead to various complications for both the mother and the baby, including an increased risk of high blood pressure, preeclampsia, and a larger birth weight for the baby.
Proper management through dietary changes, physical activity, and sometimes insulin or other medications can help control blood sugar levels and reduce these risks. In most cases, blood sugar levels return to normal after childbirth.
However, it’s important to continue monitoring your health, as women who have had gestational diabetes have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.
Also Read: All you need to know about UTIs during pregnancy: causes, risks and treatment
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