Salmonella typhi is the bacteria that causes typhoid fever. The following are the symptoms and causes of paediatric typhoid fever:
Fever: A high-grade, ongoing fever is one of the primary indicators of typhoid fever. Usually, a few days pass during which the temperature climbs steadily.
Headache: Children may experience severe headaches.
Abdominal Pain: Frequently accompanied by tenderness over the belly, abdominal pain and discomfort are prevalent.
Vomiting: In certain situations, vomiting and nausea may be quite severe.
Diarrhoea or Constipation: Bowel habit changes, such as constipation or diarrhoea, can happen.
Weakness and Fatigue: Children may exhibit extreme tiredness and weakness, feeling lethargic.
Poor Appetite: Loss of appetite is typical; children may not have the desire to eat.
Rash: Some children may develop a rose-colored rash with small, flat, red spots.
Bacterial Infection: Salmonella typhi is the bacteria that causes typhoid fever. When contaminated food or drink is consumed, the germs are spread.
Fecal-Oral Transmission: Infected people often excrete the bacteria in their faeces. The virus can proliferate if human faeces contaminate water or food supplies.
Bad Sanitation: The spread of typhoid fever is more likely in regions with poor sanitation and hygiene standards.
Polluted Food and Water: The most typical way that Salmonella typhi is spread is through the consumption of infected food or water.
Close Contact with Affected Individuals: Coming into close proximity to an infected individual or coming into contact with their belongings can also aid in the disease’s transmission.
Vaccination: Typhoid vaccines are available and are recommended for individuals traveling to areas where typhoid fever is endemic.
Keeping Good Hygiene: It’s critical to wash your hands correctly, particularly after using the lavatory. It’s also critical to maintain appropriate sanitation and guarantee access to clean water.
Safe Food Handling: In regions where typhoid fever is prevalent, eating raw or undercooked food should be avoided. Cooking food completely can help prevent infection.
Keep Away of Contaminated Water: It’s important to drink clean, safe water.Avoiding untreated or contaminated water sources is vital, particularly in regions where typhoid illness is prevalent.
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